Dr. C. George Boeree
What makes up a society? How do we describe one? It is a complicated affair, but here are some suggestions as to how to organize the process:
1. Who -- the individuals, the roles, the qualifications....Domains (or Why we do these things)
2. What -- the objects, clothing, tools, ritual objects, technology....
3. When -- scheduling, timing, cycles....
4. Where -- the locale, buildings, furnishings....
5. How -- the activities, rituals, techniques....
1. Organization -- order (kinship systems, government, guilds, corporations).Layers of society (the "concentric domains")
2. Power structures -- enforcement (the military, police, defense, war).
3. Production -- subsistance (work, industry, agriculture, crafts, technology, cooking, cleaning, sewing, modern professions, applied science...).
4. Education -- learning (school, apprenticeship, research).
5. Recreation -- entertainment (play, sports, toys, games, art, music, musical instruments, stories, literature, theater...).
6. Belief systems -- stability (propitiation of the gods or spirits, satisfaction of superstitious tendencies, social manipulation, moral control, religion, magic, theoretical science...).
1. Family -- the most intimate circle and its activities, including meals, sexuality and reproduction, child rearing, male/female and adult/child role differentiation....(There may be additional layers and sublayers, depending on the complexity of the society.)
2. Community -- a larger circle of people that we still think of as "us," and all that pertains to "us."
3. The Others -- the people beyond our community, whom we think of as "them," and how we relate to "them."
Prerequisites of any society
© Copyright 2002, C. George Boeree