Chapter 6 Practice Quiz

1. The need to take larger and larger doses of a drug in order to experience its effects is an indication of:
A) withdrawal.
B) dissociation.
C) resistance.
D) tolerance.
E) narcolepsy.

2. Which of the following is bad advice for a person trying to overcome insomnia?
A) Awaken at the same time every day even if you have had a restless night.
B) Drink a glass of milk 15 minutes before bedtime.
C) Avoid taking short naps during the day.
D) Drink a glass of wine 15 minutes before bedtime.
E) Don't engage in strenuous physical exercise just before bedtime.

3. A bank teller was so distracted by the sight of a bank robber's weapon that she failed to perceive important features of the criminal's physical appearance. This best illustrates:
A) dissociation.
B) narcolepsy.
C) latent content.
D) selective attention.
E) posthypnotic amnesia.

4. The use of barbiturates ________ anxiety and ________ sympathetic nervous system activity.
A) increases; decreases
B) decreases; increases
C) decreases; decreases
D) increases; increases

5. Soon after taking a psychoactive drug, Zachary experienced a diminished appetite, an increased heart rate, dilated pupils, and feelings of self-confidence and euphoria. Zachary most likely experienced the effects of:
A) heroin.
B) cocaine.
D) marijuana.

6. The simultaneous processing of information on many parallel tracks is most closely associated with:
A) posthypnotic suggestion.
B) REM rebound.
C) sleep apnea.
D) narcolepsy.
E) subconscious mental activity.

7. Sleepwalking is most likely to be associated with ________ sleep.
A) Stage 1
B) Stage 2
C) Stage 3
D) Stage 4

8. Our resistance to going to bed as early as we had planned is most likely a reflection of:
A) dissociation.
B) narcolepsy.
C) the circadian rhythm.
D) night terrors.
E) sleep apnea.

9. THC, the active ingredient in ________, is classified as a ________.
A) marijuana; hallucinogen
B) marijuana; stimulant
C) cocaine; stimulant
D) cocaine; hallucinogen
E) heroin; depressant

10. Research on addictive drugs most clearly indicates that:
A) the medical use of morphine to control pain typically leads to addictive drug cravings.
B) most of America's ex-smokers were able to overcome their nicotine addiction without professional treatment.
C) addictions to narcotic drugs can't be overcome without professional treatment programs.
D) relationship dependencies have the same addictive characteristics as drug dependencies.

11. Research studies of the content of dreams indicate that:
A) men are less likely than women to report dreams with sexual overtones.
B) the genital arousal that occurs during sleep is typically related to sexual dreams.
C) people are more likely to dream of failure than of success.
D) most dreams are pleasant, exotic, and unrelated to ordinary daily life.

12. Three hours after going to sleep, Shoshanna's heart rate increases, her breathing becomes more rapid, and her eyes move rapidly under her closed lids. Research suggests that Shoshanna is:
A) dreaming.
B) entering the third stage of sleep.
C) ready to sleepwalk.
D) exhibiting a sleep spindle.
E) experiencing a night terror.

13. The ability to simultaneously monitor the shape as well as the color of an object best illustrates the value of:
A) sleep apnea.
B) dissociation.
C) subconscious information processing.
D) conscious awareness.
E) posthypnotic amnesia.

14. Smoking triggers ________ levels of epinephrine in the blood and ________ levels of dopamine in the synapses.
A) increased; increased
B) decreased; decreased
C) increased; decreased
D) decreased; increased

15. In large doses, alcohol is a ________; in small amounts, it is a ________.
A) depressant; stimulant
B) stimulant; depressant
C) hallucinogen; depressant
D) stimulant; stimulant
E) depressant; depressant

16. Which of the following sleep disorders is most strongly associated with obesity?
A) narcolepsy
B) insomnia
C) night terrors
D) sleep apnea

17. Sleep deprivation has been shown to:
A) increase attentiveness to highly motivating tasks.
B) reduce hypertension.
C) diminish immunity to disease.
D) do all of the above.

18. According to Freud, the dreams of adults can be traced back to:
A) erotic wishes.
B) stressful life events.
C) physiological needs for brain stimulation.
D) random bursts of neural activity.

19. Sleep is _______ by adenosine and _______ by serotonin.
A) inhibited; facilitated
B) facilitated; inhibited
C) inhibited; inhibited
D) facilitated; facilitated

20. In North America, which of the following is most likely to cause premature death?
A) the failure to use automobile seat belts
B) alcohol abuse
C) smoking
D) night terrors
E) REM rebound