PSYCHOLOGY 235 SPRING 2006
STUDY GUIDE FOR CHAPTERS 1 - 3
Conditioned emotional response
CR conditioned response
CS conditioned stimulus
Temporal coding hypothesis
UR unconditioned response
US unconditioned stimulus
What is the distinction between learning and performance?
What was so important about DesCartes’ invention of the reflex?
How do we define learning?
If a stimulus is below threshold, is it a stimulus?
What do we mean by a Just Noticable Difference (JND)?
Can we be determinists and still have free will?
What do we mean by an association?
What is the problem with reductionism as a way of answering questions?
In a habituation experiment, how might we distinguish between sensory
adaptation and fatigue?
What factors affect habituation?
What factors affect sensitization?
In terms of Erik Kandel’s work with aplysia, what are the differences
between habituation and sensitization at the cellular level?
What did Pavlov mean by psychic secretions?
What is disinhibition?
What is the difference between a CR and a UR?
What evidence did Watson have that emotions are classically conditioned?
What do we mean by a suppression ratio? How does it measure
conditioned emotional responding?
What effect do these variables have on conditioning strength:
Novelty of the CS and US
Similarity of the CS and US
Describe sensory preconditioning
Why was blocking so important for learning theorists?
What is the basic idea behind Rescorla/Wagner theory?