Optional Readings 



Student 1908  The Probable Error of a Mean 

Box 1981  Gosset, Fisher, and the t Distribution 

Cleveland and McGill 1985  Graphical Perception and Graphical Methods for
Analyzing Scientific Data 

D'Agostino 1971  An Omnibus Test of Normality for Moderate and Large Size
Samples 

David et al 1954  The Distribution of the Ratio of Range to Standard Deviation  
Geary 1947  Testing for Normality 

Good 1986  Some Statistical Applications of Poisson's Work 

Inman 1994  Karl Pearson and R. A. Fisher on Statistical Tests 

Kruskal 1952  A Nonparametric test for the Several Sample Problem 

Kruskal and Wallis 1952  Use of Ranks in OneCriterion Variance Analysis 

Mann and Whitney 1947  Test of Whether one of Two Random Variables is
Larger than the Other 

Pearson 1920  Notes on the History of Correlation 

Shapiro and Wilk 1965  An Analysis of Variance Test for Normality 

Spearman 1904  The Proof and Measurement of Association between Two Things 

Tukey 1949  Comparing Individual Means in the Analysis of Variance 

Pearson and Stephens 1964  The Ratio of Range to Standard Deviation in the Same Normal Sample  
Dixon 1953  Processing Data for Outliers  
Wilcoxon 1945  Individual Comparisons by Ranking Methods 

Dixon and Mood 1946  The Statistical Sign Test  
Wallis and Moore 1946  A Significance Test for Times Series Analysis  
Grubbs 1969  Detecting Outlying Observations in Samples  
Jarque and Bera 1987  A Test for Normality of Observations and Regression Residuals  