This is an e-text about the historical and philosophical background of Psychology.  It was originally written for the benefit of my students at Shippensburg University, but I hope that it helps anyone with an intellectual interest in the field.  The main chapter material (in bold below) is original and copyrighted by myself, and any distribution must be accompanied by my name and the copyright information.  For personal educational use, it is free to one and all.

The History of Psychology online text:

Part 1: The Ancients
Part 2: The Rebirth
Part 3: The 1800s
Part 4: The 1900s

PDF versions of the text were created by Diana Wieser:

Part 1: The Ancients
Part 2: The Rebirth
Part 3: The 1800s
Part 4: The 1900s

They are also available in German, translated by Diana Wieser:

Part 1: The Ancients
Part 2: The Rebirth
Part 3: The 1800s
Part 4: The 1900s

In addition, this text is available as a book and as an audio podcast, and in a translation to the artificial language, lfn:

History of Psychology - the book (available from Amazon)
The Story of Psychology -  Audio podcast, narrated by Todd Daniel
La istoria de psicolojia - Un tradui a lfn

Note:  Study guides and practice quizzes are available.  Click here!

Part One:  The Ancients

 Psyche and Eros - also available in Chinese, Macedonian

 The Presocratics - also available in Chinese
The Alphabet - also available in Chinese
Two Poems by Sappho
Timeline:  From 600 BC to 200 BC
Map:  Ancient Mediterranean

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle - also available in Chinese, Macedonian, Polish, Russian, Spanish, Ukrainian, French, Filipino, Serbian, Mongolian
Plato Selection:  Allegory of the Cave - also available in Chinese

Logical Fallacies
Kiss Hank's Ass, by Rev. Jim Huber (off-site)

Epicureans and Stoics
A Letter from Epicurus
Selections from Epictetus
Timeline:  From 1 AD to 400 AD

Map:  Roman Empire 116 AD

The Roman Empire - also available in Bosnian, Finnish, Ukrainian, Serbian
A Brief History of Judaism
Early Christian Heresies
Sunnis and Shiites - also available in Bosnian, Finnish, Swedish
Early History of China and India

Part Two:  The Rebirth

The Middle Ages - also available in Georgian
A Letter from Heloise to Abelard
Timeline:  From 1000 to 1400
Map:  Europe 1278

 The Beginnings of Modern Philosophy
A Letter from Galileo Galilei
René Descartes Selection: Meditations
Quotations from John Comenius
Timeline:  From 1400 to 1800

Map:  Europe 1700
The Enlightenment
August Comte's Calendar
Benedict Spinoza's Emotions
David Hume and Immanuel Kant
The Rights of Man
The Rights of Woman
Overlapping Moralities

Part Three:  The 1800s

Timeline:  The 1800s
Map:  Europe 1815
Early Medicine and Physiology
The Hippocratic Oath
Phrenology Diagram
A Brief History of Psychopharmacology
Charles Darwin and Evolution
Charles Darwin Selection:  Descent of Man
John, Mary, and the Komodo Dragon
Sociobiology - also available in Georgian, Ukrainian, Uzbek, French, Kazakh
The Romantic Philosophers
The Quotable Friedrich Nietzsche
Thus SpokeZarathustra -- A Selection
The Beginnings of Psychology
Sir Francis Galton Selection: Hereditary Talent....
The History of Statistics
Wilhelm Wundt and William James - also available in Ukrainian
William James Selection:  Consciousness
Free will

Part Four:  The 1900s

Timeline:  The 1900s
Map: Europe 1914

Sigmund Freud and Psychoanalysis
Sigmund Freud Selection: The Unconscious
The Oedipus Complex Revisited

B. F. Skinner Selection
Walt Whitman There was a Child...
Gestalt Psychology - also available in Bosnian, Czech, Finnish, Macedonian, Russian, Ukrainian
Kurt Köhler Selection:  Gestalt Psychology Today
Carl Rogers Selection:  The Organization of Personality

Phenomenological Existentialism
James Joyce Selection: A Portrait...
Romance:  A Partial Analysis

Modern Medicine and Physiology
A Brief History of the Lobotomy - also available in Ukrainian, French

The Cognitive Movement
A Computer Timeline
AI Gone Awry, by Peter Kassan (off-site)

Conclusions:  Psychology Today and Tomorrow - also available in Estonian, Uzbek, Russian, French, and Ukrainian


In addition to the primary sources mentioned within the text itself, I am indebted to several secondary sources as well:
Will and Ariel Durant - The Story of Civilization.
B. R. Hergenhahn - An Introduction to the History of Psychology.
Daniel N. Robinson - An Intellectual History of Psychology.
The Encyclopedia Britannica (various editions).
Robert Audi (editor) - The Cambridge Dictionary of Philosophy.
William Sahakian - History of Philosophy.
Colin Mcevedy - Penguin Atlas of (Ancient/Medieval/Modern) History.
Kinder and Hildemann - Anchor Atlas of World History.
My own Personality Theories e-text.

All errors are, of course, mine.